libsndfile

Libsndfile is a library designed to allow the reading and writing of many different sampled sound file formats (such as MS Windows WAV and the Apple/SGI AIFF format) through one standard library interface.

During read and write operations, formats are seamlessly converted between the format the application program has requested or supplied and the file's data format. The application programmer can remain blissfully unaware of issues such as file endian-ness and data format. See Note 1 and Note 2.

Every effort is made to keep these documents up-to-date, error free and unambiguous. However, since maintaining the documentation is the least fun part of working on libsndfile, these docs can and do fall behind the behaviour of the library. If any errors, omissions or ambiguities are found, please notify me (erikd) at mega-nerd dot com.

To supplement this reference documentation, there are simple example programs included in the source code tarball. The test suite which is also part of the source code tarball is also a good place to look for the correct usage of the library functions.

Finally, if you think there is some feature missing from libsndfile, check that it isn't already implemented (and documented) here.

Synopsis

The functions of libsndfile are defined as follows:

      #include <stdio.h>
      #include <sndfile.h>

      SNDFILE*    sf_open          (const char *path, int mode, SF_INFO *sfinfo) ;
      SNDFILE*    sf_wchar_open    (LPCWSTR wpath, int mode, SF_INFO *sfinfo) ;
      SNDFILE*    sf_open_fd       (int fd, int mode, SF_INFO *sfinfo, int close_desc) ;
      SNDFILE* 	  sf_open_virtual  (SF_VIRTUAL_IO *sfvirtual, int mode, SF_INFO *sfinfo, void *user_data) ;
      int         sf_format_check  (const SF_INFO *info) ;

      sf_count_t  sf_seek          (SNDFILE *sndfile, sf_count_t frames, int whence) ;

      int         sf_command       (SNDFILE *sndfile, int cmd, void *data, int datasize) ;

      int         sf_error         (SNDFILE *sndfile) ;
      const char* sf_strerror      (SNDFILE *sndfile) ;
      const char* sf_error_number  (int errnum) ;

      int         sf_perror        (SNDFILE *sndfile) ;
      int         sf_error_str     (SNDFILE *sndfile, char* str, size_t len) ;

      int         sf_close         (SNDFILE *sndfile) ;
      void        sf_write_sync    (SNDFILE *sndfile) ;

      sf_count_t  sf_read_short    (SNDFILE *sndfile, short *ptr, sf_count_t items) ;
      sf_count_t  sf_read_int      (SNDFILE *sndfile, int *ptr, sf_count_t items) ;
      sf_count_t  sf_read_float    (SNDFILE *sndfile, float *ptr, sf_count_t items) ;
      sf_count_t  sf_read_double   (SNDFILE *sndfile, double *ptr, sf_count_t items) ;

      sf_count_t  sf_readf_short   (SNDFILE *sndfile, short *ptr, sf_count_t frames) ;
      sf_count_t  sf_readf_int     (SNDFILE *sndfile, int *ptr, sf_count_t frames) ;
      sf_count_t  sf_readf_float   (SNDFILE *sndfile, float *ptr, sf_count_t frames) ;
      sf_count_t  sf_readf_double  (SNDFILE *sndfile, double *ptr, sf_count_t frames) ;

      sf_count_t  sf_write_short   (SNDFILE *sndfile, short *ptr, sf_count_t items) ;
      sf_count_t  sf_write_int     (SNDFILE *sndfile, int *ptr, sf_count_t items) ;
      sf_count_t  sf_write_float   (SNDFILE *sndfile, float *ptr, sf_count_t items) ;
      sf_count_t  sf_write_double  (SNDFILE *sndfile, double *ptr, sf_count_t items) ;

      sf_count_t  sf_writef_short  (SNDFILE *sndfile, short *ptr, sf_count_t frames) ;
      sf_count_t  sf_writef_int    (SNDFILE *sndfile, int *ptr, sf_count_t frames) ;
      sf_count_t  sf_writef_float  (SNDFILE *sndfile, float *ptr, sf_count_t frames) ;
      sf_count_t  sf_writef_double (SNDFILE *sndfile, double *ptr, sf_count_t frames) ;

      sf_count_t  sf_read_raw      (SNDFILE *sndfile, void *ptr, sf_count_t bytes) ;
      sf_count_t  sf_write_raw     (SNDFILE *sndfile, void *ptr, sf_count_t bytes) ;

      const char* sf_get_string    (SNDFILE *sndfile, int str_type) ;
      int         sf_set_string    (SNDFILE *sndfile, int str_type, const char* str) ;

SNDFILE* is an anonymous pointer to data which is private to the library.

File Open Function

      SNDFILE*  sf_open    (const char *path, int mode, SF_INFO *sfinfo) ;

The sf_open() function opens the sound file at the specified path. The filename is byte encoded, but may be utf-8 on Linux, while on Mac OS X it will use the filesystem character set. On Windows, there is also a Windows specific sf_wchar_open() that takes a UTF16_BE encoded filename.

      SNDFILE*  sf_wchar_open (LPCWSTR wpath, int mode, SF_INFO *sfinfo) ;

The SF_INFO structure is for passing data between the calling function and the library when opening a file for reading or writing. It is defined in sndfile.h as follows:

      typedef struct
      {    sf_count_t  frames ;     /* Used to be called samples. */
           int         samplerate ;
           int         channels ;
           int         format ;
           int         sections ;
           int         seekable ;
       } SF_INFO ;

The mode parameter for this function can be any one of the following three values:

      SFM_READ    - read only mode
      SFM_WRITE   - write only mode
      SFM_RDWR    - read/write mode

When opening a file for read, the format field should be set to zero before calling sf_open(). The only exception to this is the case of RAW files where the caller has to set the samplerate, channels and format fields to valid values. All other fields of the structure are filled in by the library.

When opening a file for write, the caller must fill in structure members samplerate, channels, and format.

The format field in the above SF_INFO structure is made up of the bit-wise OR of a major format type (values between 0x10000 and 0x08000000), a minor format type (with values less than 0x10000) and an optional endian-ness value. The currently understood formats are listed in sndfile.h as follows and also include bitmasks for separating major and minor file types. Not all combinations of endian-ness and major and minor file types are valid.

      enum
      {   /* Major formats. */
          SF_FORMAT_WAV          = 0x010000,     /* Microsoft WAV format (little endian). */
          SF_FORMAT_AIFF         = 0x020000,     /* Apple/SGI AIFF format (big endian). */
          SF_FORMAT_AU           = 0x030000,     /* Sun/NeXT AU format (big endian). */
          SF_FORMAT_RAW          = 0x040000,     /* RAW PCM data. */
          SF_FORMAT_PAF          = 0x050000,     /* Ensoniq PARIS file format. */
          SF_FORMAT_SVX          = 0x060000,     /* Amiga IFF / SVX8 / SV16 format. */
          SF_FORMAT_NIST         = 0x070000,     /* Sphere NIST format. */
          SF_FORMAT_VOC          = 0x080000,     /* VOC files. */
          SF_FORMAT_IRCAM        = 0x0A0000,     /* Berkeley/IRCAM/CARL */
          SF_FORMAT_W64          = 0x0B0000,     /* Sonic Foundry's 64 bit RIFF/WAV */
          SF_FORMAT_MAT4         = 0x0C0000,     /* Matlab (tm) V4.2 / GNU Octave 2.0 */
          SF_FORMAT_MAT5         = 0x0D0000,     /* Matlab (tm) V5.0 / GNU Octave 2.1 */
          SF_FORMAT_PVF          = 0x0E0000,     /* Portable Voice Format */
          SF_FORMAT_XI           = 0x0F0000,     /* Fasttracker 2 Extended Instrument */
          SF_FORMAT_HTK          = 0x100000,     /* HMM Tool Kit format */
          SF_FORMAT_SDS          = 0x110000,     /* Midi Sample Dump Standard */
          SF_FORMAT_AVR          = 0x120000,     /* Audio Visual Research */
          SF_FORMAT_WAVEX        = 0x130000,     /* MS WAVE with WAVEFORMATEX */
          SF_FORMAT_SD2          = 0x160000,     /* Sound Designer 2 */
          SF_FORMAT_FLAC         = 0x170000,     /* FLAC lossless file format */
          SF_FORMAT_CAF          = 0x180000,     /* Core Audio File format */
          SF_FORMAT_WVE          = 0x190000,     /* Psion WVE format */
          SF_FORMAT_OGG          = 0x200000,     /* Xiph OGG container */
          SF_FORMAT_MPC2K        = 0x210000,     /* Akai MPC 2000 sampler */
          SF_FORMAT_RF64         = 0x220000,     /* RF64 WAV file */

          /* Subtypes from here on. */

          SF_FORMAT_PCM_S8       = 0x0001,       /* Signed 8 bit data */
          SF_FORMAT_PCM_16       = 0x0002,       /* Signed 16 bit data */
          SF_FORMAT_PCM_24       = 0x0003,       /* Signed 24 bit data */
          SF_FORMAT_PCM_32       = 0x0004,       /* Signed 32 bit data */

          SF_FORMAT_PCM_U8       = 0x0005,       /* Unsigned 8 bit data (WAV and RAW only) */

          SF_FORMAT_FLOAT        = 0x0006,       /* 32 bit float data */
          SF_FORMAT_DOUBLE       = 0x0007,       /* 64 bit float data */

          SF_FORMAT_ULAW         = 0x0010,       /* U-Law encoded. */
          SF_FORMAT_ALAW         = 0x0011,       /* A-Law encoded. */
          SF_FORMAT_IMA_ADPCM    = 0x0012,       /* IMA ADPCM. */
          SF_FORMAT_MS_ADPCM     = 0x0013,       /* Microsoft ADPCM. */

          SF_FORMAT_GSM610       = 0x0020,       /* GSM 6.10 encoding. */
          SF_FORMAT_VOX_ADPCM    = 0x0021,       /* Oki Dialogic ADPCM encoding. */

          SF_FORMAT_G721_32      = 0x0030,       /* 32kbs G721 ADPCM encoding. */
          SF_FORMAT_G723_24      = 0x0031,       /* 24kbs G723 ADPCM encoding. */
          SF_FORMAT_G723_40      = 0x0032,       /* 40kbs G723 ADPCM encoding. */

          SF_FORMAT_DWVW_12      = 0x0040,       /* 12 bit Delta Width Variable Word encoding. */
          SF_FORMAT_DWVW_16      = 0x0041,       /* 16 bit Delta Width Variable Word encoding. */
          SF_FORMAT_DWVW_24      = 0x0042,       /* 24 bit Delta Width Variable Word encoding. */
          SF_FORMAT_DWVW_N       = 0x0043,       /* N bit Delta Width Variable Word encoding. */

          SF_FORMAT_DPCM_8       = 0x0050,       /* 8 bit differential PCM (XI only) */
          SF_FORMAT_DPCM_16      = 0x0051,       /* 16 bit differential PCM (XI only) */

          SF_FORMAT_VORBIS       = 0x0060,       /* Xiph Vorbis encoding. */

          /* Endian-ness options. */

          SF_ENDIAN_FILE         = 0x00000000,   /* Default file endian-ness. */
          SF_ENDIAN_LITTLE       = 0x10000000,   /* Force little endian-ness. */
          SF_ENDIAN_BIG          = 0x20000000,   /* Force big endian-ness. */
          SF_ENDIAN_CPU          = 0x30000000,   /* Force CPU endian-ness. */

          SF_FORMAT_SUBMASK      = 0x0000FFFF,
          SF_FORMAT_TYPEMASK     = 0x0FFF0000,
          SF_FORMAT_ENDMASK      = 0x30000000
      } ;

Every call to sf_open() should be matched with a call to sf_close() to free up memory allocated during the call to sf_open().

On success, the sf_open function returns a non-NULL pointer which should be passed as the first parameter to all subsequent libsndfile calls dealing with that audio file. On fail, the sf_open function returns a NULL pointer. An explanation of the error can obtained by passing NULL to sf_strerror.

File Descriptor Open

      SNDFILE*  sf_open_fd (int fd, int mode, SF_INFO *sfinfo, int close_desc) ;

Note: On Microsoft Windows, this function does not work if the application and the libsndfile DLL are linked to different versions of the Microsoft C runtime DLL.

The second open function takes a file descriptor of a file that has already been opened. Care should be taken to ensure that the mode of the file represented by the descriptor matches the mode argument. This function is useful in the following circumstances:

Every call to sf_open_fd() should be matched with a call to sf_close() to free up memory allocated during the call to sf_open().

When sf_close() is called, the file descriptor is only closed if the close_desc parameter was TRUE when the sf_open_fd() function was called.

On success, the sf_open_fd function returns a non-NULL pointer which should be passed as the first parameter to all subsequent libsndfile calls dealing with that audio file. On fail, the sf_open_fd function returns a NULL pointer.

Virtual File Open Function

      SNDFILE* 	sf_open_virtual	(SF_VIRTUAL_IO *sfvirtual, int mode, SF_INFO *sfinfo, void *user_data) ;

Opens a soundfile from a virtual file I/O context which is provided by the caller. This is usually used to interface libsndfile to a stream or buffer based system. Apart from the sfvirtual and the user_data parameters this function behaves like sf_open.

      typedef struct
      {    sf_vio_get_filelen  get_filelen ;
           sf_vio_seek         seek ;
           sf_vio_read         read ;
           sf_vio_write        write ;
           sf_vio_tell         tell ;
      } SF_VIRTUAL_IO ;

Libsndfile calls the callbacks provided by the SF_VIRTUAL_IO structure when opening, reading and writing to the virtual file context. The user_data pointer is a user defined context which will be available in the callbacks.

      typedef sf_count_t  (*sf_vio_get_filelen) (void *user_data) ;
      typedef sf_count_t  (*sf_vio_seek)        (sf_count_t offset, int whence, void *user_data) ;
      typedef sf_count_t  (*sf_vio_read)        (void *ptr, sf_count_t count, void *user_data) ;
      typedef sf_count_t  (*sf_vio_write)       (const void *ptr, sf_count_t count, void *user_data) ;
      typedef sf_count_t  (*sf_vio_tell)        (void *user_data) ;

sf_vio_get_filelen

      typedef sf_count_t  (*sf_vio_get_filelen) (void *user_data) ;

The virtual file contex must return the length of the virtual file in bytes.

sf_vio_seek

      typedef sf_count_t  (*sf_vio_seek)        (sf_count_t offset, int whence, void *user_data) ;

The virtual file context must seek to offset using the seek mode provided by whence which is one of

      SEEK_CUR
      SEEK_SET
      SEEK_END

The return value must contain the new offset in the file.

sf_vio_read

      typedef sf_count_t  (*sf_vio_read)        (void *ptr, sf_count_t count, void *user_data) ;

The virtual file context must copy ("read") "count" bytes into the buffer provided by ptr and return the count of actually copied bytes.

sf_vio_write

      typedef sf_count_t  (*sf_vio_write)       (const void *ptr, sf_count_t count, void *user_data) ;

The virtual file context must process "count" bytes stored in the buffer passed with ptr and return the count of actually processed bytes.

sf_vio_tell

      typedef sf_count_t  (*sf_vio_tell)        (void *user_data) ;

Return the current position of the virtual file context.


Format Check Function

      int  sf_format_check (const SF_INFO *info) ;

This function allows the caller to check if a set of parameters in the SF_INFO struct is valid before calling sf_open (SFM_WRITE).

sf_format_check returns TRUE if the parameters are valid and FALSE otherwise.


File Seek Functions

      sf_count_t  sf_seek  (SNDFILE *sndfile, sf_count_t frames, int whence) ;

The file seek functions work much like lseek in unistd.h with the exception that the non-audio data is ignored and the seek only moves within the audio data section of the file. In addition, seeks are defined in number of (multichannel) frames. Therefore, a seek in a stereo file from the current position forward with an offset of 1 would skip forward by one sample of both channels.

like lseek(), the whence parameter can be any one of the following three values:

      SEEK_SET  - The offset is set to the start of the audio data plus offset (multichannel) frames.
      SEEK_CUR  - The offset is set to its current location plus offset (multichannel) frames.
      SEEK_END  - The offset is set to the end of the data plus offset (multichannel) frames.

Internally, libsndfile keeps track of the read and write locations using separate read and write pointers. If a file has been opened with a mode of SFM_RDWR, bitwise OR-ing the standard whence values above with either SFM_READ or SFM_WRITE allows the read and write pointers to be modified separately. If the SEEK_* values are used on their own, the read and write pointers are both modified.

Note that the frames offset can be negative and in fact should be when SEEK_END is used for the whence parameter.

sf_seek will return the offset in (multichannel) frames from the start of the audio data or -1 if an error occured (ie an attempt is made to seek beyond the start or end of the file).


Error Reporting Functions

      int         sf_error        (SNDFILE *sndfile) ;

This function returns the current error number for the given SNDFILE. The error number may be one of the following:

        enum
        {   SF_ERR_NO_ERROR             = 0,
            SF_ERR_UNRECOGNISED_FORMAT  = 1,
            SF_ERR_SYSTEM               = 2,
            SF_ERR_MALFORMED_FILE       = 3,
            SF_ERR_UNSUPPORTED_ENCODING = 4
        } ;

or any one of many other internal error values. Applications should only test the return value against error values defined in <sndfile.h> as the internal error values are subject to change at any time. For errors not in the above list, the function sf_error_number() can be used to convert it to an error string.

      const char* sf_strerror     (SNDFILE *sndfile) ;
      const char* sf_error_number (int errnum) ;

The error functions sf_strerror() and sf_error_number() convert the library's internal error enumerations into text strings.

      int         sf_perror     (SNDFILE *sndfile) ;
      int         sf_error_str  (SNDFILE *sndfile, char* str, size_t len) ;

The functions sf_perror() and sf_error_str() are deprecated and will be dropped from the library at some later date.


File Close Function

      int  sf_close  (SNDFILE *sndfile) ;

The close function closes the file, deallocates its internal buffers and returns 0 on success or an error value otherwise.



Write Sync Function

      void  sf_write_sync  (SNDFILE *sndfile) ;

If the file is opened SFM_WRITE or SFM_RDWR, call the operating system's function to force the writing of all file cache buffers to disk. If the file is opened SFM_READ no action is taken.



File Read Functions

      sf_count_t  sf_read_short   (SNDFILE *sndfile, short *ptr, sf_count_t items) ;
      sf_count_t  sf_read_int     (SNDFILE *sndfile, int *ptr, sf_count_t items) ;
      sf_count_t  sf_read_float   (SNDFILE *sndfile, float *ptr, sf_count_t items) ;
      sf_count_t  sf_read_double  (SNDFILE *sndfile, double *ptr, sf_count_t items) ;
      sf_count_t  sf_readf_short   (SNDFILE *sndfile, short *ptr, sf_count_t frames) ;
      sf_count_t  sf_readf_int     (SNDFILE *sndfile, int *ptr, sf_count_t frames) ;
      sf_count_t  sf_readf_float   (SNDFILE *sndfile, float *ptr, sf_count_t frames) ;
      sf_count_t  sf_readf_double  (SNDFILE *sndfile, double *ptr, sf_count_t frames) ;

The file read functions fill the array pointed to by ptr with the requested number of items or frames.

For the frames-count functions, the frames parameter specifies the number of frames. A frame is just a block of samples, one for each channel. Care must be taken to ensure that there is enough space in the array pointed to by ptr, to take (frames * channels) number of items (shorts, ints, floats or doubles).

For the items-count functions, the items parameter must be an integer product of the number of channels or an error will occur. Here, an item is just a sample.

Note: The only difference between the "items" and "frames" versions of each read function is the units in which the object count is specified - calling sf_readf_short with a count argument of N, on a SNDFILE with C channels, is the same as calling sf_read_short with a count argument of N*C. The buffer pointed to by "ptr" should be the same number of bytes in each case.

Note: The data type used by the calling program and the data format of the file do not need to be the same. For instance, it is possible to open a 16 bit PCM encoded WAV file and read the data using sf_read_float(). The library seamlessly converts between the two formats on-the-fly. See Note 1.

The sf_read_XXXX and sf_readf_XXXX functions return the number of items or frames read, respectively. Unless the end of the file was reached during the read, the return value should equal the number of objects requested. Attempts to read beyond the end of the file will not result in an error but will cause the read functions to return less than the number of objects requested or 0 if already at the end of the file.


File Write Functions

      sf_count_t  sf_write_short   (SNDFILE *sndfile, short *ptr, sf_count_t items) ;
      sf_count_t  sf_write_int     (SNDFILE *sndfile, int *ptr, sf_count_t items) ;
      sf_count_t  sf_write_float   (SNDFILE *sndfile, float *ptr, sf_count_t items) ;
      sf_count_t  sf_write_double  (SNDFILE *sndfile, double *ptr, sf_count_t items) ;
      sf_count_t  sf_writef_short  (SNDFILE *sndfile, short *ptr, sf_count_t frames) ;
      sf_count_t  sf_writef_int    (SNDFILE *sndfile, int *ptr, sf_count_t frames) ;
      sf_count_t  sf_writef_float  (SNDFILE *sndfile, float *ptr, sf_count_t frames) ;
      sf_count_t  sf_writef_double (SNDFILE *sndfile, double *ptr, sf_count_t frames) ;

The file write functions write the data in the array pointed to by ptr to the file.

For items-count functions, the items parameter specifies the size of the array and must be an integer product of the number of channels or an error will occur.

For the frames-count functions, the array is expected to be large enough to hold a number of items equal to the product of frames and the number of channels.

As with the read functions above, the only difference in the items and frames version of each write function is the units in which the buffer size is specified. Again, the data type used by the calling program and the data format of the file do not need to be the same (Note 1).

The sf_write_XXXX and sf_writef_XXXX functions respectively return the number of items or frames written (which should be the same as the items or frames parameter).


Raw File Read and Write Functions

      sf_count_t  sf_read_raw     (SNDFILE *sndfile, void *ptr, sf_count_t bytes) ;
      sf_count_t  sf_write_raw    (SNDFILE *sndfile, void *ptr, sf_count_t bytes) ;

Note: Unless you are writing an external decoder/encode that uses libsndfile to handle the file headers, you should not be using these functions.

The raw read and write functions read raw audio data from the audio file (not to be confused with reading RAW header-less PCM files). The number of bytes read or written must always be an integer multiple of the number of channels multiplied by the number of bytes required to represent one sample from one channel.

The raw read and write functions return the number of bytes read or written (which should be the same as the bytes parameter).

Note : The result of using of both regular reads/writes and raw reads/writes on compressed file formats other than SF_FORMAT_ALAW and SF_FORMAT_ULAW is undefined.

See also : SFC_RAW_NEEDS_ENDSWAP


Functions for Reading and Writing String Data

      const char* sf_get_string   (SNDFILE *sndfile, int str_type) ;
      int         sf_set_string   (SNDFILE *sndfile, int str_type, const char* str) ;

These functions allow strings to be set on files opened for write and to be retrieved from files opened for read where supported by the given file type. The str_type parameter can be any one of the following string types:

          enum
          {   SF_STR_TITLE,
              SF_STR_COPYRIGHT,
              SF_STR_SOFTWARE,
              SF_STR_ARTIST,
              SF_STR_COMMENT,
              SF_STR_DATE,
              SF_STR_ALBUM,
              SF_STR_LICENSE,
              SF_STR_TRACKNUMBER,
              SF_STR_GENRE
          } ;

The sf_get_string() function returns the specified string if it exists and a NULL pointer otherwise. In addition to the string ids above, SF_STR_FIRST (== SF_STR_TITLE) and SF_STR_LAST (always the same as the highest numbers string id) are also available to allow iteration over all the available string ids.

The sf_set_string() function sets the string data. It returns zero on success and non-zero on error. The error code can be converted to a string using sf_error_number().

Strings passed to and retrieved from these two functions are assumed to be utf-8. However, while formats like Ogg/Vorbis and FLAC fully support utf-8, others like WAV and AIFF officially only support ASCII. Writing utf-8 strings to WAV and AIF files with libsndfile will work when read back with libsndfile, but may not work with other programs.

The suggested method of dealing with tags retrived using sf_get_string() is to assume they are utf-8. Similarly if you have a string in some exotic format like utf-16, it should be encoded to utf-8 before being written using libsndfile.



Note 1

When converting between integer PCM formats of differing size (e.g. using sf_read_int() to read a 16 bit PCM encoded WAV file) libsndfile obeys one simple rule:

Whenever integer data is moved from one sized container to another sized container, the most significant bit in the source container will become the most significant bit in the destination container.

When converting between integer data and floating point data, different rules apply. The default behaviour when reading floating point data (sf_read_float() or sf_read_double ()) from a file with integer data is normalisation. Regardless of whether data in the file is 8, 16, 24 or 32 bit wide, the data will be read as floating point data in the range [-1.0, 1.0]. Similarly, data in the range [-1.0, 1.0] will be written to an integer PCM file so that a data value of 1.0 will be the largest allowable integer for the given bit width. This normalisation can be turned on or off using the sf_command interface.


Note 2

Reading a file containg floating point data (allowable with WAV, AIFF, AU and other file formats) using integer read methods (sf_read_short() or sf_read_int()) can produce unexpected results. For instance the data in the file may have a maximum absolute value < 1.0 which would mean that all sample values read from the file will be zero. In order to read these files correctly using integer read methods, it is recommended that you use the sf_command interface, a command of SFC_SET_SCALE_FLOAT_INT_READ and a parameter of SF_TRUE to force correct scaling.


The libsndfile home page is here.

Version : 1.0.27